Composition and Rhetoric: A Provisional Bibliography


Rhetoric and Composition—General

Bizzell, Patricia, Bruce Herzberg, and Nedra Reynolds. The Bedford Bibliography for Teachers of Writing. 5th ed. Boston: Bedford, 2000.

Bloom, Lynn Z., Donald A. Daiker, and Edward M. White, ed. Composition in the Twenty-First Century: Crisis and Change. Carbondale: Southern Illinous UP, 2001

—. Composition Studies in the New Millennium: Rereading the Past, Rewriting the Future. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2003.

Corbett, Edward P. J., Nancy Myers, and Gary Tate. The Writing Teacher’s Sourcebook. 4th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2000

Connors, Robert, and Cheryl Glenn, eds. The St. Martin’s Guide to Teaching Writing. 2nd ed. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1992.

Graves, Richard, ed. Rhetoric and Composition: A Sourcebook for Teachers and Writers. Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook, 1984.

Harkin, Patricia, and John Schilb. Contending With Words: Composition and Rhetoric in a Postmodern Age. New York: MLA, 1991

Heilker, Paul, and Peter Vandenberg. Keywords in Composition Studies. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1996.

Olson, Gary, ed. Rhetoric and Composition as Intellectual Work. Carbondale: Southern Illinous, 2000.

Smith, Frank. Joining the Literacy Club: Further Essays into Education. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton Cook, 1988.

Tate, Gary. Teaching Composition: Twelve Bibliographic Essays. Fort Worth: Texas Christian UP, 1987.

Tate, Gary, Amy Rupiper, and Kurt Schick, eds. A Guide to Composition Pedagogies. New York: Oxford UP, 2001.

Villanueva, Victor. Cross-Talk in Comp Theory (2nd Ed). Urbana: NCTE, 2003.

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History of Composition

Applebee, Arthur N. Tradition and Reform in the Teaching of English: A History. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1974.

Berlin, James. Rhetoric and Reality: Writing Instruction in American Colleges, 1900-1985.

Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.

—. Writing Instruction in Nineteenth-Century American Colleges. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1984.

Connors, Robert. Composition-Rhetoric: Backgrounds, Theory, Pedagogy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Crowley, Sharon. Composition in the University: Historical and Polemical Essays. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburth P, 1998.

Eagleton, Terry. “The Rise of English.” Literary Theory: An Introduction. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1983.

Gilyard, Keith. “African-American Contributions to Composition Studies.” CCC 50.4, (1999): 626- 644.

Harris, Joseph. A Teaching Subject. NY: Prentice Hall, 1996

Lauer, Janice M. “Composition Studies: A Dappled Discipline.” Rhetoric Review 3 (1984): 20-28. Lindemann, Erika, and Gary Tate. An Introduction to Composition Studies. New York: Oxford UP,


Miller, Susan. Textual Carnivals: The Politics of Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois, 1993. Murphy, James. A Short History of Writing Instruction: From Ancient Greece to Twentieth-Century America. Davis, CA: Hermagoras P, 1990.

Ohmann, Richard. English in America: A Radical View of the Profession. New York: Oxford UP, 1976.

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Composition Research Methodologies

Addison, Joanne, and Sharon James McGee (eds). Feminist Empirical Research: Emerging Perspectives on Qualitative and Teacher Research. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1999.

Charney, David. “Empiricism is not a Four-Letter Word.” CCC 47.4 (1996): 567-593

Denzin, Norman, and Yvonna S. Lincoln. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed). London: SAGE, 2005.

Farris, Christine, and Chris M. Anson (Eds). Under Construction: Working at the Intersection of Composition Theory, Research, and Practice. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 1998.

Gee, James Paul. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method (2nd Ed). New York: Routledge, 2005.

Geisler, Cheryl. Analyzing Streams of Language. New York: Pearson Longman, 2003. Johanek, Cindy. Composing Research. Logan: Utah State University Press, 2000.

Kirsch, Gesa, and Patricia Sullivan, eds. Methods and Methodology in Composition Research. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1992.

Lauer, Janice, and J. William Asher. Composition Research: Empirical Designs. New York: Oxford, 1988

Lindemann, Erika, and Gary Tate. An Introduction to Composition Studies. New York: Oxford UP, 1991.

MacNealy, Mary Sue. Strategies for Empirical Research in Writing. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 1999

McClelland, Ben, and Timothy Donovan, eds. Perspectives on Research and Scholarship in Composition. New York: MLA, 1985.

Mortensen, Peter, and Gesa Kirsch, (Eds). Ethics and Representation in Qualitative Research of Literacy. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1996.

North, Stephen. The Making of Knowledge in Composition: Portrait of an Emerging Field. Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook, 1987.

Ray, Ruth. The Practice of Theory: Teacher Research in Composition. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1993.

Schriver, Karen A. “What Are We Doing as a Research Community? Theory Building in Rhetoric and Composition: The Role of Empirical Scholarship.” Rhetoric Review 7 (Spring 1989): 272- 88.

Spilka, Rachel , ed. Writing in the Workplace: New Research Perspectives. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993.

Sullivan, Patricia, and James E. Porter. Opening Spaces: Writing Technologies and Critical Research Practices. Greenwich, CT: Ablex, 1997.

Syverson, Margaret A. The Wealth of Reality: An Ecology of Composition. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1999.

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Writing as Process

Bartholomae, David, and Anthony Petrosky. Facts, Artifacts and Counterfacts: Theory and Method for a Reading and Writing Course. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton Cook, 1986.

Bruffee, Kenneth A.”Collaborative Learning: Some Practical Models.” College English 34 (1973): 634-43.

Coles, William, Jr. The Plural I: The Teaching of Writing. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.

Collins, James L. “Basic Writers and the Process Paradigm.” Journal of Basic Writing 14.2 (1995): 3-18.

Elbow, Peter. Writing Without Teachers. New York: Oxford UP, 1973.

Emig, Janet. The Composing Processes of Twelfth Graders. Urbana: NCTE, 1971.

—. “Writing as a Mode of Learning.” CCC, 28 (1977): 122-28.

Flowers, Linda, and John Hayes. “A Cognitive Process Theory of Writing.” CCC, 32 (1981): 365- 87.

George, Diana. “Working with Peer Groups in the Composition Classroom.” CCC 35 (1984): 320- 26.

Hairston, Maxine. “The Winds of Change: Thomas Kuhn and the Revolution in the Teaching of Writing.” CCC 33 (1982): 76-88.

—. “Different Products, Different Processes: A Theory About Writing.” CCC 37 (1986): 442-52.

Hartwell, Patrick. “Grammar, Grammars, and the Teaching of Grammar.” College English 47 (1985): 105-27.

Kent, Thomas, ed. Post-Process Theory: Beyond the Writing-Process Paradigm. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1999.

Lindemann, Erika. A Rhetoric for Writing Teachers. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1987. Murray, Donald. Learning by Teaching: Selected Articles on Writing and Teaching. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton Cook, 1982.

Perl, Sondra, ed. Landmark Essays on Writing Process. Davis, CA: Hermagoras, 1994.

Tobin, Lad, and Thomas Newkirk, eds. Taking Stock: The Writing Process Movement in the ’90s. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 1994.

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Basic Writing

Adler-Kassner, and Gregory R. Glau, eds. The Bedford Bibliography for Teachers of Basic Writing. 2nd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2005.

Bernstein, Susan Naomi, ed. Teaching Developmental Writing: Background Readings. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007.

Bizzell, Patricia. “What Happens When Basic Writers Come to College.” CCC 37 (1986): 294-301. Dean, Terry. “Multicultural Classrooms: Monocultural Teachers.” CCC 40 (1989): 23-37.

DeLuca, Geraldine, Len Fex, Mark-Ameen Johnson, and Myra Kogen, ed. Dialogue on Writing: Rethinking ESL, Basic Writing, and First-Year Composition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

Enos, Theresa. Sourcebook for Basic Writing Teachers. New York: Random House, 1987. Gilyard, Keith. Voices of the Self. Wayne State UP, 1991.

Gray-Rosendale, Laura. Rethinking Basic Writing: Exploring Identity, Politics, and Community in Interaction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000.

Graybill, Jeffrey. “Technology, Basic Writing, and Change.” Journal of Basic Writing 17.2 (1998): 31-105.

Greenberg, Karen. “The Politics of Basic Writing.” Journal of Basic Writing 12 (1993): 64-71. Halasek, Kay and Nels P. Highberg, eds. Landmark Essays on Basic Writing. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

Harris, Joseph. “Negotiating the Contact Zone.” Journal of Basic Writing 14.1 (1995): 27-42.

Heath, Shirley Brice. Ways With Words: Language, Life and Work in Communities and Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge U P, 1983.

Horner, Bruce and Min-Zhan Lu. Representing the “Other”: Basic Writers and the Teaching of Basic Writing. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999.

Kells, Michelle Hall, and Valerie Balester. Attending to the Margins: Writing, Researching, and Teaching on the Front Lines. Portsmouth: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1999.

McNenny, Gerri, and Sallyanne H. Fitzgerals, eds. Mainstreaming Basic Writers: Politics and Pedagogies of Access. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

Moran, Michael, and Martin J. Jacobi, eds. Research in Basic Writing: A Bibliographic Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood, 1990.

Robinson, William S. “ESL and Dialect Features in the Writing of Asian American Students.” Teaching English in the Two-Year College 22:4 (Dec. 1995), 303-309.

Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary. New York: The Free Press, 1989. Shaughnessy, Mina. Errors and Expectations. New York: Oxford UP, 1981.

Sternglass, Marilyn. Time to Know Them: A Longitudinal Study of Writing and Learning at the College Level. New York: Lawrence Earlbaum Press, 1998.

Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1993. Wall, Susan and Nicholas Coles. “Reading Basic Writing: Alternatives to a Pedagogy of

Accommodation.” The Politics of Writing Instruction: Postsecondary. Ed. Richard Bullock and John Trimbur. Postsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers/ Heinemann, 1991.

Williams, James D. “English as a Second Language and Nonstandard English.” Preparing to Teach Writing: Research, Theory, and Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998. 176-218.

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Writing Across the Curriculum

Bazerman, Charles and David R. Russell, eds. Landmark Essays on Writing Across the Curriculum. Davis, CA: Hermagoras Press, 1994.

Britton, James, et al. The Development of Writing Abilities (11-18). London: Macmillan, 1975. Fulwiler, Toby, and Art Young, eds. Language Connections: Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Urbana: NCTE, 1982.

—. Programs That Work: Models and Methods for Writing Across the Curriculum. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton Cook, 1990.

Herrington, Anne, and Charles Moran, eds. Writing, Teaching, and Learning in the Disciplines. New York: MLA, 1992.

Holdstein, Deborah H. “’Writing Across the Curriculum’ and the Paradoxes of Institutional Initiatives.” Pedagogy 1.1 (2001): 37-52.

Jones, Robert, and Joseph Comprone. “Where Do We Go Next in Writing Across the Curriculum?” CCC 44 (1993): 59-68.

Kinneavy, James. “Writing Across the Curriculum.”  ADE Bulletin 76 (1983): 14-21. McLeod, Susan, and Margaret Sovin. “What Do You Need to Start—And Sustain—A Writing Across the Curriculum Program?” WPA: Writing Program Administration 15 (1991): 25-34.

Reiss, Donna, Dickie Selfe, and Art Young, eds. Electronic Communication across the Curriculum. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1998.

Russell, David. Writing in the Academic Disciplines, 1870-1990: A Curricular History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Walvoord, Barbara. Helping Students Write Well: A Guide for Teachers in All Disciplines. 2nd ed. New York: MLA, 1986.

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Technology and Composition

Atkins, Anthony T. “Writing/Teachers and Digital Technologies: Technology/Teacher Training.” Kairos: Rhetoric, Technology 10.2 (2006). Last accessed: 1 June 2007.

Banks, Adam J. Race, Rhetoric, and Technology: Searching for Higher Ground. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum/NCTE, 2006.

Barrios, Barclay. “The Year of the Blog: Weblogs in the Writing Classroom.” Computers and Composition Online. Spring (2003). Last accessed: 1 June 2007.

Bolter, Jay David. Writing Space: the Computer, Hypertext, and the History of Writing. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 1991.

Bolter, Jay David, and Richard Grusin. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002.

Bruce, Bertram, Joy Kreeft Peyton, and Trent Batson, eds. Network-Based Classrooms: Promises and Realities. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Computers and Composition [Special Issues: Digital Rhetoric, Digital Literacy, Computers and Composition] 18:1 and 18:2 (2001).

Conference on College Composition and Communication. CCCC Position Statement on Teaching, Learning, and Assessing Writing in Digital Environments. 2004.

Council of Writing Program Administrators. “Draft: Technology Section to be Added to the Outcomes Statement (AKA Technoplank).” (July 2007). Last accessed: 29 November 2007.

Dangler, Doug., Ben McCorkle, and Time Barrow. “Expanding Composition Audiences with Podcasting.” Computers and Composition Online. Spring (2007). Last accessed: 1 June 2007.

Galin, Jeffrey R. and Joan Latchaw, eds. The Dialogic Classroom: Teachers Integrating Computer Technology, Pedagogy, and Research. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1998.

Handa, Carolyn, ed. Computers and Community: Teaching Composition in the Twenty-First Century. Portsmouth: Boynton Cook, 1990.

Hawisher, Gail. E., Paul LeBlanc, Charles Moran, and Cynthia L. Selfe. Computers and the Teaching of Writing in American Higher Education, 1979-94: A History. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Co., 1996.

Hawisher, Gail E. and Cynthia L. Selfe, eds. Global Literacies and the World-Wide Web. London: Routledge, 2000.

—. Passions, Pedagogies, and 21st Century Technologies. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 1997. Herrington, TyAnna K. Controlling Voices: Intellectual Property, Humanistic Studies, and the Internet. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 2001.

Holdstein, Deborah, and Cynthia Selfe. Computers and Writing: Theory, Research, Practice. New York: MLA, 1990.

Hult, Christine A., and Ryan Richins. “The Rhetoric and Discourse of Instant Messaging.” Computers and Composition Online. Spring (2006). Last accessed: 1 June 2007.

Johnson-Eilola, Johndan. Nostalgic Angels: Rearticulating Hypertext Writing. Greenwich, CT: Ablex Publishing Co., 1997.

Kemp, Fred. “Computers, Innovation, and Resistance in First-Year Composition Programs.” Discord and Direction: The Postmodern Writing Program Administrator. Ed. Sharon James McGee, and Carolyn Handa. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 2005. 105-122.

Lanham, Richard A. The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994. Manovich, Lev. The Language of New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002

Moran, Charles. “Technology and the Teaching of Writing.” A Guide to Composition Pedagogies. Ed. Gary Tate, Amy Rupiper and Kurt Schick. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. 203- 223.

Reinking, David, Michael C. McKenna, Linda D. Labbo, and Ronald D. Kieffer, eds. Handbook of Literacy and Technology: Transformations in a Post-Typographic World. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998.

Rice, Jeff. The Rhetoric of Cool: Composition Studies and New Media. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 2007.

Selber, Stuart. Multiliteracies for a Digital Age. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 2004.

Selfe, Cynthia. Technology and Literacy in the Twenty-First Century: The Importance of Paying Attention. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1999.

Selfe, Cynthia L., and Susan Hilligoss, eds. Literacy and Computers: The Complications of Teaching and Learning with Technology. New York: MLA, 1994.

Sidler, Michelle, Richard Morris, and Elizabeth Overman Smith, eds. Computers in the Composition Classroom: A Critical Sourcebook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2008.

Takayoshi, Pamela and Brian Huot. Teaching Writing with Computers: an Introduction. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.

Turnow, Joan. Link/Age: Composing in the Online Classroom. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 1997. Wresch, William. Disconnected: Haves and Have-nots in the Information Age. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1996.

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Gender, Ethnicity, Class, and Sexuality

Annas, Pamela J. “Style as Politics: A Feminist Approach to the Teaching of Writing.” College English 47 (1985): 360-71.

Belenky, Mary, et al. Women’s Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1986.

Bridwell-Bowles, Lillian.  “Discourse and Diversity: Experimental Writing Within the Academy.” College Composition and Communication 43 (1992): 349-368

Cameron, Deborah. The Feminist Critique of Language: A Reader. New York: Routledge, 1990. Cintron, Ralph. Angels’ Town: Chero Ways, Gang Life, and Rhetorics of the Everyday, Boston: Beacon Press, 1997.

Davis, Angela Y. Women, Race, and Class. New York: Vintage Books, 1983.

Flynn, Elizabeth A. “Composing as a Woman.” College Composition and Communication 39 (1988): 423-35.

Frank, Francine, and Paula Treichler. Language, Gender, and Professional Writing: Theoretical Approaches and Guidelines for Nonsexist Usage. New York: MLA, 1989.

Gabriel, Susan, and Isaiah Smithson, eds. Gender in the Classroom: Power and Pedagogy. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1990.

Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1982.

Gilyard, Keith. Let’s Flip the Script: An African American Discourse on Language, Literature, and Learning. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1996.

—. Race, Rhetoric, and Composition. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boyton/Cook, 1999. Gilyard, Keith, and Vorris Nunley (ed.). Rhetoric and Ethnicity. Portsmouth: Heinemann Boyton/Cook, 2004

Glenn, Cheryl. Rhetoric Retold: Regendering the Tradition from Antiquity through the Renaissance. Carbondale: Southern Illinois, 1997.

hooks, bell. Talking Back: Thinking Feminist/Thinking Black. Boston: South End Press, 1989.

How Schools Shortchange Girls: A Study of Major Findings on Girls and Education. Wellesley College Center for Research on Women. American Association of University Women Educational Foundation & National Education Association. 1992.

Jarratt, Susan C., and Lynn Worsham, eds. Feminism and Composition Studies: In Other Words. New York: MLA, 1998.

Kells, Michelle Hall, Valerie Balester, and Victor Villanueva. Latino/a Discourses: On Language, Identity, and Literacy Education. Portsmouth: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 2004.

Lunsford, Andrea A., ed. Reclaiming Rhetorica: Women in the Rhetorical Tradition. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1995.

Lyons, Scott Richard. “Rhetorical Sovereignty: What Do American Indians Want from Writing?” CCC 51.3 (February 2000): 447-468.

Malinowitz, Harriet. Textual Orientations: Lesbian and Gay Students and the Making of Discourse Communities. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1995.

Mills, Sara. Feminist Stylistics. New York: Routledge, 1995.

—. ed. Language & Gender: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New York: Longman, 1995. Morgan, Marcyliena. Language, Discourse, and Power in African American Culture. New York: Cambridge UP, 2002.

Phelps, Louise, and Janet Emig, eds. Feminine Principles and Women’s Experience in American Composition and Rhetoric. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1995.

Prendergast, Catherine. Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning after Brown v Board of Education. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003.

—. “Race: The Absent Presence in Composition Studies.” CCC 50.1 (1998): 36-53.

Rich, Adrienne. “Claiming an Education,” “Taking Women Students Seriously,” and “When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Revision.” On Lies, Secrets, and Silence: Selected Prose, 1966-78. New York: Norton, 1979.

Richardson, Elaine. African American Literacies. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Ritchie, Joy. “Confronting the ‘Essential’ Problem: Reconnecting Feminist Theory and Pedagogy.” JAC 10 (1990): 249-273.

Ritchie, Joy, and Kathleen Boardman. “Feminism and Composition: Inclusion, Metonymy, and Disruption.” CCC 50.4 (1999): 585-606.

Roen, Duane H. “Gender and Teacher Response to Student Writing.” Gender Issues in the Teaching of English. Ed. Nancy Mellin McCracken and Bruce C. Appleby. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 1992. 126-41.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones, and Jean C. Williams. “History in the Spaces Left: African-American Presence and Narratives of Composition Studies.” CCC 50.4 (1999): 563-584.

Sadker, Myra and David. Failing at Fairness: How America’s Schools Cheat Girls. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1994.

Severino, Carol, Juan C. Guerra, and Johnnella E. Butler. Writing in Multicultural Settings. New York: MLA, 2002.

Smitherman, Geneva. Talkin’ and Testifyin’. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977 (or Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1986).

—. Talkin that Talk. Routledge, 2000.

Spender, Dale. Man Made Language. 2nd ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980. Sullivan, Patricia. “Feminism and Methodology in Composition Studies.” Methods and Methodology in Composition Research. Ed. Gesa Kirsch and Sullivan. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1992. 37-61.

Thorne, Barrie, and Nancy Henly, eds. Language and Sex: Difference and Dominance. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1975.

Thorne, Barrie, Cheris Kramarae, and Nancy Henley, eds. Language, Gender and Society. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1983.

Woodson, Carter G. The Miseducation of the Negro. Africa World Press, 1990 (1933).

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Pedagogy and Politics

Althusser, Louis. “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses.” Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. Trans. Ben Brewster. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1971. 127-186.

Apple, Michael. Education and Power. New York: Routledge, 1982.

—. Teachers and Texts: A Political Economy of Class and Gender Relations in Education. (New York: Routledge, 1986.

Aronowitz, Stanley, and Henry Giroux. Postmodern Education: Politics, Culture, and Social Criticism. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1991.

—. Education Under Siege: The Conservative, Liberal and Radical Debate over Schooling. New York: Routledge, 1985.

Berlin, James A. “Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class.” College English 50 (1988): 477-94. Bourdieu, Pierre, and Jean-Claude Passeron. Reproduction in Education, Society, and Culture. London: Sage, 1990.

Bowles, Samuel, and Herbert Gintis. Schooling in Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradictions of Economic Life. New York: Basic Books, 1977.

Bullock, Richard and John Trimbur. The Politics of Writing Instruction: Postsecondary. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers, Inc., 1991.

Clark, Romy, and Roz Ivanic. The Politics of Writing. London: Routledge, 1991.

Cushman, Ellen. “The Rhetorician as an Agent of Social Change.” CCC 47.1 (1996): 7-28.

Cushman, Ellen, Eugene R. Kintgen, Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose. Literacy: Critical Sourcebook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2000.

Dewey, John. Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. New York: Free Press, 1916.

Gallagher, Chris. Radical Departures: Composition and Progressive Pedagogy. Urbana: NCTE, 2002.

Greenbaum, Andrea. Emancipatory Movements in Composition: The Rhetoric of Possibility. Albany: SUNY Press, 2002.

—. Insurrections: Approaches to Resistance in Composition. Albany: SUNY Press, 2001. Fox, Tom. Defending Access: A Critique of Standards in Education. Boynton/Cook, 1999

—. The Social Uses of Writing: Politics and Pedagogy. Ablex, 1990. Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Seabury, 1973.

Giroux, Henry A. Theory and Resistance in Education. Granby, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1983.

—. Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life: Critical Pedagogy in the Modern Age. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1988.

—, ed. Postmodernism, Feminism, and Cultural Politics: Redrawing Educational Boundaries. Ithaca: State U of New York P, 1993.

—. Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning. Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.

Hardin, Joe Marshall. Opening Spaces: Critical Pedagogy and Resistance Theory in Composition. Albany: SUNY Press, 2001.

hooks, bell. Teaching to Trangress: Education as the Practice of Freedom. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Hurlbert, C. Mark, and Michael Blitz. Composition and Resistance, Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Kozol, Jonathan. Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools. New York: Crown, 1991. Kumar, Amitava (ed.). Poetics/Politics: Radical Aesthetics for the Classroom. New York: Palgrave Macmillan 1999.

Lazere, Donald. Reading and Writing for Civic Literacy: The Critical Citizen’s Guide to Argumentative Rhetoric. Paradigm Press, 2005.

McLaren, Peter. Life in Schools: An Introduction to Critical Pedagogy in the Foundations of Education. New York: Longman, 1989.

Miller, Susan. Textual Carnivals: The Politics of Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Mitchell, Candace. Writing and Power: A Critical Introduction to Composition Studies. Paradigm Press, 2004.

Morton, Donald, and Masud Zavarzedeh. Theory/Pedagogy/Politics: Texts for Change. Urbana: Illinois UP, 1991.

Prendergast, Catherine. Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning after Brown v Board of Education. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003.

Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary. New York: Penguin, 2005

—. Possible Lives: The Promise of Public Education in America. New York: Penguin, 1999.

Seitz, David. Who Can Afford Critical Consciousness? Practicing a Pedagogy of Humility. Hampton Press, 2004.

Shor, Ira. Empowering Education: Critical Teaching for Social Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Smith, Frank. Insult to Intelligence: The Bureaucratic Invasion of Our Classroom. rev. ed. New York: Heinemann, 1988.

Street, Brian V. Social Literacies: Critical Approaches to Literacy in Development, Ethnography and Education. London: Longman, 1995.

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Rhetoric: Traditional, Modern, and Postmodern

Barilli, Renato. Rhetoric. Trans. Guiliana Menozzi. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1989. Bernard-Donals, Michael, and Richard R. Glejzer. Rhetoric in an Antifoundational World: Language, Culture, and Pedagogy. New Haven: Yale UP, 1998.

Bitzer, Lloyd. “The Rhetorical Situation.” Philosophy and Rhetoric 1 (1968): 1-14.

Bizzell, Patricia, and Bruce Herzberg. The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present. Boston: Bedford, 1990.

Berlin, James A. Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures: Refiguring College English Studies. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1996.

Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley: University of Californian Press, 1969.

—. A Rhetoric of Motives. Berkeley: University of Californian Press, 1969.

—. Language as Symbolic Action. Berkeley: University of Californian Press, 1968.

Connors, Robert, Lisa Ede, and Andrea Lunsford, eds. Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1984.

Corbett, Edward. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1990. Edbauer, Jenny. “Unframing Models of Public Distribution: From Rhetorical Situation to Rhetorical Ecologies.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly. Fall 2005.

Farrell, Thomas B. Norms of Rhetorical Culture. New Haven: Yale UP, 1993.

Foss, Sonja, Karen Foss, and Robert Trapp. Contemporary Perspectives on Rhetoric. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland P, 1985.

Herrick, James A. The History and Theory of Rhetoric (3rd ed). Boston: Pearson, 2005.

Horner, Winifred, ed. The Present State of Scholarship in Historical and Contemporary Rhetoric. Rev. ed. Columbia, MO: U of Missouri P, 1990.

Jarratt, Susan. Rereading the Sophists: Classical Rhetoric Refigured. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Johannesen, Richard. Contemporary Theories of Rhetoric: Selected Readings. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

Lunsford, Andrea A., and Lisa S. Ede. “Classical Rhetoric, Modern Rhetoric, and Contemporary Discourse Studies.” Written Communication 1 (1984): 78-100.

Kennedy, George. The Art of Persuasion in Greece. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.

Kent, Thomas. Paralogic Rhetoric: A Theory of Communicative Interaction. Bucknell UP, 1993. Kinneavy, James. A Theory of Discourse. New York: Norton, 1980.

Murphy, James. ed. A Synoptic History of Classical Rhetoric. Davis, CA: Hermagoras P, 1983.

—. The Rhetorical Tradition and Modern Writing. New York: MLA, 1982.

—. Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: A History of Rhetorical Theory from Saint Augestine to the Renaissance. Berkeley, CA: U of California P, 1974.

Perelman, Chaim, and Lucia Olbrechts-Tyteca. The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. South Bend: Notre-Dame UP, 1969

Porter, James. Audience and Rhetoric: An Archaelogical Composition of the Discourse Community. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1992.

Sipiora, Phillip, and James S. Baumlin. Rhetoric and Kairos: Essays in History, Theory and Praxis. Albany: SUNY Press, 2002.

Toulmin, Stephen. The Uses of Argument. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1958.

Vatz, Richard E. “The Myth of the Rhetorical Situation.” Philosophy and Rhetoric 6 (Summer 1973): 154-161.

Vickers, Brian. In Defense of Rhetoric. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1988.

Walker, Jeffrey. Rhetoric and Poetics in Antiquity. New York: Oxford UP, 2000.

Winterowd, Ross. Contemporary Rhetoric: A Conceptual Background with Readings. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Young, Richard, Alton Becker, and Kenneth Pike. Rhetoric: Discovery and Change. New York: Harcourt, 1970.

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Composition and Literary Theory

Atkins, Douglas, and Michael Johnson. Writing and Reading Differently: Deconstruction and the Teaching of Composition and Literature. Lawrence: UP of Kansas, 1985.

Berlin, James. “Composition Studies and Cultural Studies: Collapsing Boundaries.” Into the Field: Sites of Composition Studies. Ed. Ann Gere. New York: Modern Language Association, 1993. 99-116.

Bizzell, Patricia. “Foundationalism and Anti-Foundationalism in Composition Studies.” Pre/Text 7 (1986): 37-56.

Clifford, John, and John Schilb, eds. Writing Theory and Critical Theory. New York: MLA, 1994. Crowley, Sharon. A Teacher’s Introduction to Deconstruction. Urbana: NCTE, 1989.

Crusius, Timothy. A Teacher’s Introduction to Philosophical Hermeneutics. Urbana: NCTE, 1991. Davis, Diane. Breaking Up [at] Totality: A Rhetoric of Laughter. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Faigley, Lester. Fragments of Rationality: Postmodernity and the Subject of Composition. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1992.

Fish, Stanley. “Anti-Foundationalism, Theory, Hope, and the Teaching of Composition.” The Current in Criticism: Essays on the Present and Future of Literary Theory. Ed. Clayton Koelb and Virgil Lokke. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue UP, 1987.

Horner, Winifred, ed. Composition and Literature: Bridging the Gap. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1983.

McQuade, Donald. “Composition and Literary Studies.” Redrawing the Boundaries: The Transformation of English and American Literary Studies. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt and Giles Gunn. New York: MLA, 1992.

Neel, Jasper. Plato, Derrida, and Writing. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1988.

Nystrand, Martin, et al. “Where Did Composition Studies Come From? An Intellectual History.” Written Communication 10 (1993): 267-333.

Ray, Ruth. “The Move Toward Theory in Composition.” The Practice of Theory: Teacher Research in Composition. Urbana: NCTE, 1993.

Schilb, John. “Composition and Poststructuralism: A Tale of Two Conferences.” CCC 40 (1989): 422-43.

—. Between the Lines: Relating Composition Theory and Literary Theory. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1996.

Vitanza, Victor. Negation, Subjectivity, and the History of Rhetoric. Albany: SUNY P, 1997.

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Assessing and Responding to Student Writing

Brannon, Lil, and Knoblauch, Cy. “On Students’ Rights to Their Own Texts: A Model of Teacher Response.” CCC, 33.2 (1982): 157-166.

Connors, Robert J. and Andrea Lunsford. “Frequency of Formal Errors in Current College Writing, or Ma and Pa Kettle Do Research.” CCC, 39.4 (1988): 395-409.

Cooper, Charles, and Lee Odell. (Eds.). Evaluating Writing: Describing, Measuring, Judging. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1977.

Crowley, Sharon. On Intention in Student Texts.” In Bruce Lawson, Susan Sterr Ryan, and W. Ross Winterowd (eds.) Encountering Student Texts: Interpretive Issues in Reading Student Writing. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1989.

Elbow, Peter. “Ranking, Evaluting, and Liking: Sorting Out Three Forms of Judgment.” College English 55.3 (1993): 187-206.

Haswell, Richard H. “Minimal Marking.” College English 45.6 (1983): 600-604.

Horvath, Brooke K. “The Components of Written Response: A Practical Synthesis of Current Views.” Rhetoric Review 2.2 (1994): 136-156.

Huot, Brian. “Reliability, Validity, and Holistic Scoring.” CCC 47 (1996): 549-566. Lees, Elaine O. “Evaluating Student Writing.” CCC 30.4 (1979): 370-374.

McAllister, Joyce. “Responding to Student Writing.” In Griffin, C. W. New Directions for Teaching and Learning: Teaching Writing in All Disciplines, no. 12 San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1982, 59- 65.

Moss, Pamela A. “Validity in High Stakes Writing Assessment.” Assessing Writing 1 (1994): 109- 128.

Roen, Duane H. “Gender and Teacher Response to Student Writing.” In McCracken, Nancy M. and Bruce Appleby. Gender Issues in the Teaching of Writing. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boynton-Cook, 1992, 126-141.

Ruth, Leo P., and Sandra Murphy. “Designing Topics for Writing Assessment.” CCC 35 (9184): 410-422.

Sloan, Gary. “Frequency of Errors in Essays by College Freshman and by Professional Writers.” CCC 41.3 (1990): 299-308.

Sommers, Nancy. “Responding to Student Writing.” CCC 33 (1982): 148-156.

Warnock, Tilly. “An Analysis of Response: Dream, Prayer, and Chart.” In Bruce Lawson, Susan Sterr Ryan, and W. Ross Winterowd (eds.) Encountering Student Texts: Interpretive Issues in Reading Student Writing. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1989.

White, Edward M. Assigning, Responding, Evaluating: A Teacher’s Guide, 3rd Edition. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

White, Edward M., William D. Lutz, and Sandra Kamusikiri, eds. Assessment of Writing: Politics, Policies, Practices. New York: MLA, 1996.

Yancey, Kathleen and Brian Huot, eds. Assessing Writing Across the Curriculum: Diverse approaches and Practices. Greenwich, CT: Ablex Publishing Corp., 1997.

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Visual and Digital Rhetoric

Burbules, Nicholas C. “Rhetorics of the Web: Hyperreading and Critical Literacy.” Page to Screen: Taking Literacy into the Electronic Era. Ed. Ilana Snyder. London: Routledge, 1998. 102-122.

. “The Web as a Rhetorical Place.” Silicon Literacies: Communication, Innovation and Education in the Electronic Age. Ed. Ilana Snyder. London: Routledge, 2002. 75-84. Computers and Composition [Special Issues: Digital Rhetoric, Digital Literacy, Computers and Composition] 18:1 and 18:2 (2001).

Dondis, Donis. A Primer of Visual Literacy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1973.

Handa, Carolyn, ed. Visual Rhetoric in a Digital World: A Critical Sourcebook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2004.

Hobbs, Catherine L.. “Learning from the Past: Verbal and Visual Literacy in Early Modern Rhetoric and Writing Pedagogy.” Language and Image in the Reading-Writing Classroom: Teaching Vision. Ed. Kristie Fleckenstein, Linda T. Calendrillo and Demetrice A. Worley. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002. 27-44.

Hocks, Mary E. “Understanding Visual Rhetoric in Digital Writing Environments.” CCC 54:4 June 2003), 629-656.

Hock, Mary E., and Michelle Kendrick. Eloquent Images: Word and Image in the Age of New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003

Horn, Robert. Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century. Bainbridge, WA: MacroVU, Inc., 1998.

Kinross, Robin. “The Rhetoric of Neutrality.” Design Discourse: History | Theory | Criticism. Ed. Victor Margolin. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1989. 131-143.

Kostelnick, Charles and Michael Hassett. Shaping Information: The Rhetoric of Visual Conventions. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 2003.

Kress, Gunther, and Theo Van Leeuwen, eds. Multimodal Discourse: the Modes and Media of Contemporary Communication. London: Arnold, 2001.

Law, John and John Whittaker. “On the Art of Representation: Notes on the Politics of Visualization.” Picturing Power: Visual Depiction and Social Relations. Sociological Review Monograph 35. Ed. John Law and John Whittaker. London: Routledge, 1988. 160-183.

McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. New York: Harper Collins, 1994. New London Group, The. “A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures.” Harvard Educational Review 66:1 (Spring 1996), 60-92.

Reinking, David, Michael C. McKenna, Linda D. Labbo, and Ronald D. Kieffer, eds. Handbook of Literacy and Technology: Transformations in a Post-Typographic World. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998.

Tufte, Edward R. “Parallelism: Repetition and Change, Comparison and Surprise.” Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative. Cheshire, CT. Graphics, Press, 1997, 79-103.

— . The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. 2nd ed. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press, 2001.

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Writing Program Administration

Brady, Laura. “A Case for Writing Program Evaluation.” WPA 29:1/2 (2004), 79-94.

Brown, Stuart C. and Theresa Enos, eds. The Writing Program Administrator’s Resource: A Guide to Reflective Institutional Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.

Dew, Debra Frank and Alice Horning, eds. Untenured Faculty as Writing Program Administrators: Institutional Practices and Politics. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press, 2007.

Ebest, Sally Barr. Changing the Way We Teach: Writing and Resistance in the Training of Teaching Assistants. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2005.

George, Diana, ed. Kitchen Cooks, Plate Twirlers & Troubadours: Writing Program Administrators Tell Their Stories. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1999.

Gunner, Jeanne. “Decentering the WPA.” WPA 18:1/2 (1994), 8-15.

Harrington, Susanmarie, Keith Rhodes, Ruth Overman Fischer, and Rita Malenczyk. The Outcomes Book: Consensus and Debate after the WPA Outcomes Statement. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2005.

Janangelo, Joseph, and Kristine Hansen, eds. Resituating Writing: Constructing and Administering Writing Programs. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1995.

L’Eplattenier, Barbara and Lisa Mastrangelo, eds. Historical Studies Of Writing Program Administration: Individuals, Communities, And The Formation Of A Discipline. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press, 2004.

McGee, Sharon James and Carolyn Handa, eds. Discord & Direction: The Postmodern Writing Program Administrator. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2005.

McLeod, Susan H. Writing Program Administration. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press, 2007. Myers-Breslin, Linda. Administrative Problem-Solving for Writing Programs and Writing Centers: Scenarios in Effective Program Management. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999.

O’Neill, Peggy, Angela Crow, and Larry Burton, eds. A Field of Dreams: Independent Writing Programs and the Future of Composition Studies. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2002.

Pytlik, Betty P. and Sarah Liggett, eds. Preparing College Teachers of Writing: Histories, Theories, Programs, Practices. New York: Oxford UP, 2001.

Rose, Shirley K and Irwin Weiser, eds. The Writing Program Administrator as Theorist: Making Knowledge Work. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 2002.

Strickland, Donna. “Making the Managerial Conscious in Composition Studies.” American Academic 1.1 (2004): 125-137.

Ward, Irene and William J. Carpenter. The Allyn & Bacon Sourcebook for Writing Program Administrators. New York: Addison Wesley Educational Publishers Inc., 2002.

Weiser, Irwin and Shirley K Rose. The Writing Program Administrator as Researcher: Inquiry in Action and Reflection. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1999.

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Literacy Studies

Barton, David. Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers, 1994.

Barton, David and Mary Hamilton. Local Literacies: Reading and Writing in One Community. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Bernstein, Basil. Class, Codes, and Control. New York: Schocken, 1975.

Bleich, David. The Double Perspective: Language, Literacy and Social Relations. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1988.

Bloome, David, ed. Classrooms and Literacy. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, 1989.

Brandt, Deborah. “Accumulating Literacy: Writing and Learning to Write in the Twentieth Century.” College English 57.6 (October 1995): 649–68.

Brandt, Deborah. Literacy as Involvement: The Acts of Writers, Readers, and Texts. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois UP, 1990.

—. Literacy in American Lives. New York: Cambridge UP, 2001

—.“Sponsors of Literacy.” CCC 49.2 (1998): 165-85.

Chiseri-Strater, Elizabeth. Academic Literacies: The Public and Private Discourse of University Students. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Comber, Barbara, and Anne Simpson (ed.). Negotiating Critical Literacies in Classrooms. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001

Cook-Gumperz, Jenny. The Social Construction of Literacy. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1986.

Cope, Bill, and Mary Kalantzis. Multiliteracies: Literacy Learning and the Design of Social Futures. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Cushman, Ellen, et al. Literacy: A Critical Sourcebook. Boston:  Bedford, 2001. Cushman, Ellen. The Struggle and the Tools: Oral and Literate Strategies in an Inner City Community. Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1998.

Daniell, Beth. “Against the Great Leap Theory of Literacy.” PRE/TEXT 7 (Fall–Winter 1986): 181– 93.

Daniell, Beth. “Narratives of Literacy: Connecting Composition to Culture.” CCC 50.3 (February 1999): 393–410.

DeStigter, Todd. “The Tesoros Literacy Project: An Experiment in Democratic Communities.” Research in the Teaching of English 32 (February 1998): 10–42.

Eldred, Janet Carey, and Peter Mortensen. “Reading Literacy Narratives.” College English 54.5 (1992): 512-539.

Farr, M. (ed.). 2005. Latino Language and Literacy in Ethnolinguistic Chicago. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Farr, M. (ed.). 2004. Ethnolinguistic Chicago: Language and Literacy in the City’s Neighborhoods. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Farrell, Thomas J. “I.Q. and Standard English.” CCC 34 (December 1983): 470–84.

Freire, Paulo, and Donaldo Macedo. Literacy: Reading the Word and the World. South Hadley, Mass.: Bergin and Garvey, 1987.

Purcell-Gates, Victoria. Other People’s Words: The Cycle of Low Literacy. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1997.

Purcell-Gates, Victoria. Cultural Practices of Literacy: Case Studies of Language, Literacy, Social Practice, and Power. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007

Gee, James Paul. Social Linguistics and Literacies: Ideology in Discourse. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2007.

Gee, James Paul. What Do Video Games Have to Teach Us about Learning and Literacy? New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. “Kitchen Table and Rented Rooms: The Extracurriculum of Composition.” CCC 45.1 (February 1994): 75–92.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. Intimate Practices: Literacy and Cultural Work in US Women’s Clubs, 1880- 1920. Champaign: University of Illinois P, 1997.

Gorzelsky, Gwen. The Language of Experience: Literate Practices and Social Change. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh UP, 2005.

Grabil, Jeffrey T. Community Literacy Programs and the Politics of Change. Albany: SUNY P, 2001.

Graff, Harvey J. The Literacy Myth: Literacy and Social Structure in the Nineteenth-Century City. New York: Academic, 1979.

Graff, Harvey. The Labyrinths of Literacy: Reflections on Literacy Past and Present. Pittsburgh: Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1995.

Graff, Harvey J. The Legacies of Literacy: Continuities and Contradictions in Western Culture and Society. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1987.

Haas, Christina. Writing Technology: Studies on the Materiality of Literacy. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995.

Havelock, Eric. The Muse Learns to Write: Reflections on Orality and Literacy from Antiquity to the Present.

Havelock, Eric. Preface to Plato. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, 1963.

Heath, Shirley Brice. Ways with Words: Language, Life, and Work in Communities and Classrooms. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1983.

Heath, Shirley Brice. “Work, Class, and Categories: Dilemmas of Identity.” Composition in the 21st Century: Crisis and Change. Ed. Lynn Z. Bloom, Donald H. Daiker, and Edward M. White. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1996. 226-42.

Hirsch, E. D., Jr. Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Hobbs, Catherine. Nineteenth-Century Women Learn to Write. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1995.

Horsman, Jennifer. Something in My Mind besides the Everyday: Women and Literacy. Toronto: Women’s Press, 1990.

Kintgen, Eugene R., Barry M. Kroll, and Mike Rose, eds. Perspectives on Literacy. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1988.

Knoblauch, C. H., and Lil Brannon. Critical Teaching and the Idea of Literacy. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann-Boynton/Cook, 1993.

Lee, Carol D. and Peter Smagorinsky, eds. Vygotskian Perspectives on Literacy Research: Constructing Meaning through Collaborative Inquiry. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000.

Lunsford, Andrea A., Helene Moglen, and James Slevin, eds. The Right to Literacy. New York: MLA, 1990.

McKay, Sandra Lee, and Gail Weinstein-Shr. “English Literacy in the US: National Policies, Personal Consequences.” TESOL Quarterly 27.3 (1993): 399-419.

Macedo, Donaldo. Literacies of Power: What Americans Are Not Allowed to Know. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.

Moss, Beverly J. Literacy across Communities. Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton, 1994.

Murray, Denise E., ed. Diversity as Resource: Redefining Cultural Literacy. Alexandria, Va.: TESOL, 1992.

Olson, David R., and Michael Cole (ed.) Technology, Literacy, and the Evolution of Society: Implications of the Work of Jack Goody. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006

Ong, Walter J., S.J. “Literacy and Orality in Our Times.” ADE Bulletin 58 (September 1978): 1–7. Ong, Walter J., S.J. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. New York: Methuen, 1982.

Pattison, Robert. On Literacy: The Politics of the Word from Homer to the Age of Rock. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1982.

Peck, Wayne Campbell, Linda Flower, and Lorraine Higgins. “Community Literacy.” CCC 46.2 (1995): 199-222.

Richardson, Elaine. African American Literacies. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Robbins, Sarah. Managing Literacy: Women’s Narratives on Reading and Writing in the Nineteenth Century. U of Pittsburgh P, 2004.

Roberts, Peter. Education, Literacy, and Humanization: Exploring the Work of Paulo Freire. Westport, Conn.: Bergin & Garvey, 2000.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Traces of a Stream: Literacy and Social Change among African- American Women. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2000.

Scribner, Sylvia, and Michael Cole. The Psychology of Literacy. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1981.

Selfe, Cynthia, and Gail E. Hawisher. Literate Lives in the Information Age: Narratives on Literacy from the United States. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004.

Sharer, Wendy. Vote and Voice: Women’s Organizations and Political Literacy, 1915-1930. Southern Illinois UP, 2004.

Sheridan, Dorothy, Brian Street, and David Bloome. Writing Ourselves: Mass-Observation and Literacy Practices. Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press, 2000.

Smith, Cecil. Literacy for the Twenty-first Century: Research, Policy, Practices, and the National Adult Literacy Survey. Westport: Praeger, 1998.

Street, Brian, ed. Cross-Cultural Approaches to Literacy. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1993. Street, Brian V., ed. Literacy and Development: Ethnographic Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Street, Brian. Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1984.

Stubbs, Michael. Language and Literacy: The Sociolinguistics of Reading and Writing. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980.

Stuckey, J. Elspeth. The Violence of Literacy. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Taylor, Denny, and Catherine Dorsey-Gaines. Growing Up Literate: Learning from Inner-City Families. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1988.

Tollefson, James W. Language Policies in Education: Critical Issues. Mahwah, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 2002.

Trimbur, John. “Literacy and the Discourse of Crisis.” Politics of Writing Instruction. Ed. Richard Bullock and John Trimbur. Portsmouth, N.H: Heinemann, 1991. 277-95.

Tuman, Myron C. A Preface to Literacy: An Inquiry into Pedagogy, Practice, and Progress. Tuscaloosa: Univ. of Alabama Press, 1987.

Villaneuva, Victor, Jr. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill.: NCTE, 1993. Yagelski, Robert P. Literacy Matters: Writing and Reading the Social Self. New York: Teachers College Press, 2000.

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Writing Center Research

Barnett, Robert W., and Jacob S. Blumner. The Longman Guide to Writing Center Theory and Practice. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008.

Bruce, Shanti, and Ben Rafoth. ESL Writers: A Guide for Writing Center Tutors. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 2004.

Bruffee, Kenneth. “Collaborative Learning and the ‘Conversation of Mankind.’” College English 46 (1984): 635-52.

Boquet, Elizabeth. Noise from the Writing Center. Logan: Utah State UP, 2002.

Carino, Peter. “Theorizing the Writing Center: An Uneasy Task.” Dialogue: A Journal for Writing Specialists 2.1 (1995): 23-27.

Cooper, Marilyn M. “’Really Useful Knowledge: A Cultural Studies Agenda for Writing Centers.” Writing Center Journal 14 (1994): 97-111.

Flynn, Thomas, and Mary King. Dynamics of the Writing Conference. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1993.

Geller, Anne Ellen, and Michele Eodice, Frankie Condon, Meg Carroll, and Elizabeth H. Boquet. The Everyday Writing Center: A Community of Practice. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2007.

Gillam, Alice M. “Writing Center Ecology: A Bakhtinian Perspective.” Writing Center Journal 11.2 (1991): 5-11.

Gillespie, Paula, and Alice Gillam, Lady Falls Brown, and Byron Stay, eds. Writing Center Research: Extending the Conversation. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

Grimm, Nancy Maloney. Good Intentions: Writing Center Work for Postmodern Times. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 1999.

Harris, Muriel. Teaching One-to-One: The Writing Conference. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1986.

Hobson, Eric H., ed. Wiring the Writing Center. Logan: Utah State UP, 1998.

Kail, Harvey. “Collaborative Learning in Context: The Problem with Peer Tutoring.” College English 45 (1983): 594-599.

Kail, Harvey, and John Trimbur. “The Politics of Peer Tutoring.” WPA 11. 1-2 (1987): 5-12. Kinkead, Joyce A., and Jeanette G. Harris. Writing Centers in Context: Twelve Case Studies. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1993.

Lunsford, Andrea. “Collaboration, Control, and the Idea of a Writing Center.” The Writing Center Journal 12.1 (1991): 3-10.

Meyer, Emily, and Louise Smith. The Practical Tutor. New York: Oxford UP, 1987.

Murphy, Christina, and Joe Law. Landmark Essays on Writing Centers. Davis: Hermagoras, 1995. Myers-Breslin, Linda, ed. Administrative Problem-Solving for Writing Programs and Writing Centers. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1999.

Niiler, Luke. “The Numbers Speak: A Pre-Test of Writing Center Outcomes using Statistical Analysis.” The Writing Lab Newsletter (March 2003). 6-9.

—. “The Numbers Speak (Again): A Continued Statistical Analysis of Writing Center Outcomes.” The Writing Lab Newsletter (January 2005). 13-15.

North, Stephen. “The Idea of a Writing Center.” College English 46 (1984): 433-446.

—. “Revisiting ‘The Idea of a Writing Center.” Writing Center Journal 15 (1994): 7-19. Pemberton, Michael A., and Joyce Kinkead, eds. The Center Will Hold: Critical Perspectives on Writing Center Scholarship. Logan: Utah State UP, 2003.

Rose, Shirley K., and Irwin Weiser. The Writing Program Administrator as Theorist: Making Knowledge Work. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 2002.

Shamoon, Linda K., and Deborah H. Burns. “A Critique of Pure Tutoring.” The Writing Center Journal 15.2 (1995): 134-51.

Trimbur, John. “Peer Tutoring: A Contradiction in Terms?” Writing Center Journal 7 (1987): 21-28.

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